From the 1830s to the early 1900s, Amesbury's carriage industry was the backbone of the local economy. During these boom years, new homes, huge factories, opera houses and hotels were built to accommodate the growing prosperity of Amesbury. Over 100 businesses were engaged in all aspects of the carriage trade. Names like Bailey, Biddle & Smart, Briggs, Dennett, Ellis, Feltch, Folger & Drummond, Hassett & Hodge, Hume, Huntington, Lane, Miller, Osgood, Patten, Rowell, Walker and Wells dominated the trade. Amesbury was truly the carriage center of the world.